Planting a tree is a wonderful gesture for the environment and for posterity. Once established, a tree requires no special care. However, a young, newly planted tree requires some care in order to establish itself in the soil and survive the first two years of its life.
Regular watering is essential during the two years after planting the tree. You must soak the soil thoroughly within the bowl that you created around the tree. This allows water to stay close to the roots and penetrate the soil in depth. Watering during drought or high heat is even more important. We suggest watering about once a week. You should let the surface of the soil dry out between waterings.
The addition of a support device (ie a stake) is not mandatory but is recommended, especially when the tree is planted in a windy area, or if the tree is tall and could easily topple sideways under stress. Installing the support on the south side will help to counter strong winds that usually arrive from the southwest . The attachment clip must be installed at the end of the support and must be designed to prevent abrasions on the trunk. The support should be removed after the first or second year of beig planted.
Weeding is beneficial for all trees. Removing weeds will limit competition for soil nutrients. It is essential for small trees. Weeding around the trunk allows young trees to enjoy full sun and have space to grow. Adding a thick layer of mulch around the tree will greatly limit the growth of weeds.
Mulch plays the dual function of conserving soil moisture and to providing nutrients as it decomposes. That is why we recommend using mulches that break down quickly, such as shredded leaves or cocoa shells. Apply about 10 to 15 cm of mulch at the base of the tree trunk. Be sure to not engulf the trunk with mulch as this could harm the tree. Leave some distance between the trunk and the mulch.
In general, the addition of compost, mycorrhizae or any other variety at the time of planting is enough to fulfill the tree's needs. After establishing itself, the tree should be able to get all the nutrients required to grow out of the soil. Adding fertilizer after the tree has been planted is therefore not advisable.
In general, the trees purchased in nurseries have already been pruned to ensure that the tree will develop a single central trunk and the branches will be well arranged. If it is necessary to prune some broken or badly positioned branches, we recommend doing this before planting, since it is easier to access the top of the tree. For more complex pruning, it is advisable to hire an expert to make cuts that do not hurt the tree and that support growth.
To protect the roots of your tree during winter, cover the base of the tree with snow. In addition, during the first 3-5 years, it is advisable to install a rodent protector in the fall and remove it in the spring.